This study explores the aftermath of state violence and the meaning of its healing by analyzing testimony therapy designed to deal with trauma of the victims of May 18 democratization movement(“May 18”). In order to have a point of view that May 18 had catastrophic impacts on many individuals and communities and to observe the after-effects of such event to individuals’ lives, this study analyzed the contents of testimony therapy sessions of four people who were tortured, arrested and detained after their participating in May 18 in 1980. The experiences of those participants with their testimony therapy and the interactions they had with the audience during the sessions made sure what are the key factors to healing the trauma from state violence. Nineteen topics were drawn from analyzing the statements made in the therapy process, and out of them, seven subjects below were chosen as the most significant; ‘repetitive pain’, ‘social and economic damage’, ‘isolation and disconnection’, ‘transition of suffering to other generations’, and ‘Safety’, ‘healing through connections’, ‘obligation as a survivor’. Based on its findings, this study also examined the characteristics of trauma caused by state violence and made suggestions for healing such trauma.
The present study aimed to understand young adult women’s disordered eating symptoms with materialism and pathological celebrity worship. Specifically, we hypothesized that pathological celebrity worship and internalization of sociocultural attitudes towards appearance would mediate the relationship between materialism and disordered eating symptoms among young adult women. A total of 601 female college students participated in this study. As hypothesized, we found that materialism predicted pathological celebrity worship and increased internalization of sociocultural attitudes towards appearance, which in turn, led to a higher level of disordered eating symptoms. Our findings suggest that young adult women’s disordered eating behaviors should be understood as a sociocultural phenomenon rather than as an individual woman’s personal issue.
This study verified whether university students of Gwangju and Jeollanam-do recall negative information like violence and death faster than positive information like democratic community about the May 18 Gwangju democratic movement in implicit dimension. University students of Gwangju responded faster when the May 18 combined with the pictures of negative content. However, university students of Jeollanam-do responded marginally faster when the May 18 combined with the pictures of positive content. In addition, the students performed implicit evaluation test towards the May 18. The students of Gwangju showed a slightly negative attitude towards the May 18, while the students of Jeollanam-do showed a positive attitude towards the May 18. This study acquires significance because it confirmed that university students of Gwangju have an implicit representation similar to trauma and a terrible feeling about the May 18.
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of group success on organizational commitment in organizational situations. It also aimed to investigate the dynamics in the relevance of motivational attitudes to the individual and group level variables(collective efficacy, group cohesiveness). This study used a multi-level model and tested a series of hypotheses through meso-mediation procedure. The results from 613 naval officials in 36 groups provided evidence that; (1) collective efficacy mediated the relationship between group success and group cohesiveness, (2) the cross-level main effects of group success and collective efficacy were shown on vocationa[l self-efficacy, (3) group cohesiveness exerted positive influence on organizational commitment and (4) the meso-mediation effects among the variables at the multi-level were revealed. It was found that the degree of work motivation and motivational attitudes depended on the group’s contextual factors, and that each group’s shared perceptions on group performance outcomes could be an important motivational source and cornerstone leading to group cohesiveness. The implications and limitations of these study as well as the direction for future study were discussed.
In this research, it was examined whether predicting the ripple effects of events influences decision-making difficulty. In addition, it was examined whether perceived accountability for decision-making results mediates the relation above. In Study 1, participants were presented with policy decision-making vignettes and were asked to report on the ripple effects of their policy decisions as well as on the difficulty of making the decision. Consistent with the hypothesis, the bigger the expected ripple effects, the greater difficulty participants felt in making policy decisions. In Study 2, ripple effect magnitudes were experimentally manipulated such that participants were led to predict big ripple effects in one condition and relatively small ripple effects in another condition. It was investigated whether participants predicting bigger ripple effects would perceive decision-making to be more difficult than participants predicting smaller ripple effects. Whether this relation would be mediated by perceived personal accountability for the results of decision-making was also examined. Consistent with expectations, it was found that in the moral domains of Harm/care, Fairness/reciprocity, and Ingroup/loyalty, participants predicting bigger ripple effects reported more difficult decision-making than their counterparts. The relation above was mediated by perceived personal accountability for decision-making results only in the domain of Ingroup/loyalty. In combination, these results showed that bigger predicted ripple effects contributed to greater decision-making difficulty. In addition, participants felt more responsible for the results of their decisions when predicting bigger ripple effects, which led them to feel greater decision-making difficulty in the domain of Ingroup/loyalty. The implications of these results and future directions for research are discussed.
The purpose of this research is to analyze generation gap of positive effects on character strength for full life of adults in Korea and to verify mediating effect of volunteering from character strength in this roots. To test this effects, there was an investigated differences of perception on character strength, volunteering and full life from 1,405 Koreans. Then had set up the influence model of character strength on full life between generation, and verified the model through structural equation. Therethrough first, there was statistical significant between generations except the variables of trust, full life and meaning of life. Second, full life was positively influenced by character strength in early adulthood. Third, volunteering had fully mediated from character strength to full life in post middle aged adults, but had partially mediated in early adulthood. This will help acquaint us with importance of accompany with volunteering at character strength than character strength directly connects to full life. Based on these results, we are treated on importance of mediating volunteering effects and influences of character strengths on full life in Korean society.
The purpose of this study was to investigate families' responses and attitudes and the experiences of Korean LGBT individuals after revealing their sexual identity and sexual orientation and to determine how families' attitudes affected the mental health of these individuals. For this purpose, in-depth interviews were performed with 12 male and female LGBT participants, ranging from 19–30 years of age, who resided in Seoul and metropolitan areas, and reported coming out to or being outed by their families. One-to-one interviews were carried out using semi-structured questions, and the data from the interviews were analyzed using consensual qualitative research (CQR). Ｍost of the families had very negative responses and attitudes to the participants coming out and exhibited rejection or avoidant attitudes; only a few of the families responded with receptive attitudes. As a result, the LGBT participants reacted with friction and coping behaviors, such as persuasion, participation in professional counseling, abandonment or avoidance, and running away from home. Ｍost of the effects of the families' attitudes on the participants were negative psychological effects, such as anger, sadness, a sense of alienation, depression, anxiety, fear, trauma, helplessness, lowered self-esteem, alcohol dependence, and suicidal ideation and attempt, while receptive attitudes provided a sense of stability. For all participants, they reported that they were more likely to be hurt by their families' negative attitudes than by social attitudes. This study is significant because it provides framework for specifying families' attitudes and LGBT individuals’ experiences after coming out in Korean society. It also outlines LGBT individuals’ coping behaviors, psychological difficulties, and the process of coming out and provides suggestions for individuals to overcome. The results are expected to help counselors create practical strategies to better understand LGBT individuals and the psychological difficulties they may experience and provide proper interventions while counseling both the individual and the family.