This research investigated the influences of excessively careful driving as well as chronic disease and medications on dangerousness of traffic accident in elderly drivers. Ninety-one drivers aged 65 years and older participated in the research. To evaluate the driving behavior, we used the self-rating on driving ability questionnaire asking driving speed, the amount of driving and driving situation adaptability' and surveyed the drive career, the number of violations and accidents experience(crash, crashed) for last three years. A review of the driving patterns of elderly drivers showed that the speed and amount of driving were decreased by increasing age. ‘Driving- Situational Adaptability (DSA)’ consisted of 2 factors such as ‘Social Environment(SE)’ and ‘Physical Environment(PE)’. Elderly drivers reported that their confidence level was lower in PE than in SE. Moreover they had higher difficulty and stress in PE than in SE. DSA of elderly drivers had significant correlations with ‘crash’ and ‘crashed’. This implies that excessively careful driving of elderly drivers directly associated with accidents. Elderly drivers who have nervous system disease or gastritis had more crash accidents. The majority of elderly drivers which take medicine by chronic disease don't think that medications give don't difficulty or inconvenience in driving and constantly drives during a term of taking medicine.
The purpose of this study was to explore anger and its expression, psychoticism, addiction, and coping styles of victims, especially aggressive victims of dating violence, and to provide valuable information for prevention of dating violence and rehabilitation of victims. The participants were 477 female college students who had the experience of heterosexual dating relationships, whose ages ranged from 17 to 29 (M=20.59, SD=1.44). The psychological tests used in this research included the following: Straus' Conflict Tactics Scale, Spielberger's State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory, Eysenck Personalty Inventory, and multidimensional Coping Scale. Results revealed that victims only were more likely to receive violence as well as sexual harassments from their dating partners than aggressive victims of dating violence. Aggressive victims of dating violence showed higher level of trait anger and anger-out, and difficulty in control their anger than victim only and women who had not experienced dating violence. In addition, they also revealed symptoms of paychoticism and addiction. And aggressive victims of dating violence showed less active coping and more active forgetting and renunciation than victims only and women who had not experienced dating violence. Victims only of dating violence more like to criticize themselves and pursue religious coping than aggressive victims. Researcher discussed these results with previous studies.
This study was performed to investigate the North Korean defectors's depression through the CES-D and a projective test simultaneously. So 40 North Korean defectors and 40 South Koreans participated in this study. The results are the following. First, the North Korean defectors demonstrated more higher CES-D scores than the South Koreans, while there were not significant differences in the Rorschach depression-related indexes, DEPI, CDI, S-CON between two groups. Second, at the analysis of the sex difference effect, women among the North Korean defectors showed the most high CDI index scores. In addition, we analyzed the mean differences between two groups for morbid content, shading response, achromatic response, human movement response, form dimension response, Lamda, and the number of total response. However, there are not significant differences between two groups for those variables, except for form dimension(FD) response. It suggested the probability that the North Korean women defectors could experience more psychological distress underlyingly than the North Korean men defectors. Third, most importantly, the correlation between CES-D and DEPI in the Rorschach test was significantly different in the two groups(the North Korean defectors and the South Koreans). In conclusion, the self-report of the North Korean defectors on depression could be exaggerated. So we should be cautious to interpret the self report results of the North Korean defectors.
Hasteful behavior means choosing the best suited methods while behaving fast and quickly. We can’t conclude whether hasteful behavior is totally bad or good. Striving for achievement of own certain purpose reflects achievement motivation or need for achievement. However, this striving also has potentiality of missing confirmation, therefore the potentiality may cause errors. The aim of this study is to investigate the psychological structure and characteristic of the hasteful behavior. One hundred ninety-one students conducted Hasteful Behavior Questionnaire, Achievement Motivation Measuring Scale, and NEO Personality Inventory. We analyzed data of 188 respondents, because of missing value. The result of factor analysis showed that hasteful behavior consisted of 5 factors-「Uncomfortableness」, 「Time Pressure」, 「Isolation」, 「Boring Condition」, and 「Expecting Rewards」. According to correlations among the hasteful behavior factors and the relationship between hasteful behavior and achievement motivation, we found that hasteful behavior had two aspects, one was “Missing Confirmation(MC)” and the other was “Need for Achievement(NA)”. We also found that 「Time Pressure」 was related to the both aspects. MC had a positive relation to Neuroticism, whereas MC correlated negatively with Conscientiousness. On the other hand, NA had a positive relationship with Extraversion and Achievement Striving.