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  • 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI) 서울분원 대회의실(별관 3층)
  • 2024년 07월 03일(수) 13:30
 

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정서와 망각 유도 지시가 DRM 패러다임에서 실제기억과 오기억에 미치는 영향

The Influence of Emotion and Directed Forgetting on True and False Memories in DRM paradigm

한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물 / The Korean Journal of Cognitive and Biological Psychology, (P)1226-9654; (E)2733-466X
2010, v.22 no.1, pp.75-93
https://doi.org/10.22172/cogbio.2010.22.1.006
장미숙 (가톨릭대학교)
박영신 (고려대학교)
김기중 (가톨릭대학교)
  • 다운로드 수
  • 조회수

초록

DRM 패러다임에서 목록의 정서는 실제기억은 증가시키고 오기억은 감소시킬 수 있다. 명시적인 망각 지시는 실제기억은 감소시키고 오기억은 증가시킬 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 정서와 망각 유도 지시가 DRM 패러다임에서 실제기억과 오기억에 미치는 효과를 확인하기 위해 두 개의 실험을 실시하였다. 실험 1은 목록 기반 망각 유도 지시 절차를 사용하였다. 기억 조건에서는 정서 목록이 중성 목록에 비해 낮은 오기억율이 나타난 반면, 망각 조건에서는 정서 목록의 오기억율이 중성 목록과 차이가 없었다. 실험 2는 항목 기반 망각 유도 지시 절차를 사용하였다. 실험 2의 결과에서도 정서가 오기억을 감소시키는 양상은 기억 조건에서만 나타났다. 실험 결과, 정서는 오기억을 감소시켰으며, 망각 지시는 정서의 오기억 감소 효과를 희석시켰다. 이 결과를 활성화/모니터링 이론으로 설명하였다.

keywords
directed forgetting, DRM paradigm, emotion, false memory, activation/monitoring theory, directed forgetting, DRM paradigm, emotion, false memory, activation/monitoring theory, 망각 유도 지시, DRM 패러다임, 정서, 오기억, 활성화/모니터링 이론

Abstract

Emotion can increase true memory and decrease false memory in DRM paradigm. The directed-forgetting instruction generates lower true memory and higher false memory rates. The present study was designed to investigate how emotion and directed-forgetting instruction had influence on true and false memories in DRM paradigm. Two experiments with the directed-forgetting procedures were conducted. In experiment 1, the list-method procedure was used for the directed-forgetting. The results showed that false memory rates with emotional lists were lower than neutral lists in remember condition, however, in forget condition, false memory increased with emotional lists. In experiment 2, the item-method procedure was used for the instruction. Just as a result of experiment 1, the reduction of false memory appeared only in the remember condition. The results of two experiments indicated that emotion had an effect on the decline of false memory and the directed-forgetting instruction attenuated this effect. The theoretical implication of results was discussed by activation/monitoring theory.

keywords
directed forgetting, DRM paradigm, emotion, false memory, activation/monitoring theory, directed forgetting, DRM paradigm, emotion, false memory, activation/monitoring theory, 망각 유도 지시, DRM 패러다임, 정서, 오기억, 활성화/모니터링 이론

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한국심리학회지: 인지 및 생물